Category Archives: Drone news

Kleos Space signs with Canadian Global Spatial Technology Solutions

  • Kleos and GSTS to collaborate on Maritime Situational Awareness product developments
  • GSTS is a leader in Artificial Intelligence (AI) solutions for the maritime domain
  • GSTS to procure Kleos test data for demonstrations
  • Kleos Space enters Canadian market

Kleos Space S.A. (ASX: KSS, Frankfurt: KS1), a space-powered Radio Frequency Reconnaissance data provider, has partnered with GSTS to provide enhanced Maritime Domain Awareness capability to GSTS’s OCIANA product suite.

Andy Bowyer Kleos CEO said “Our satellites and our data will enhance GSTS capabilities when fused with other data sets in their innovative OCIANA environment, assisting in the goal to provide greater insights, detecting illegal activities and threats for their customers.”

Richard Kolacz GSTS CEO commented “Kleos will add another powerful data set to our OCIANA product suite to further enhance our maritime situational awareness capability and improve OCIANA’s ability to detect and predict vessel activity to support defence, civil and commercial solutions. ”

GSTS (Global Spatial Technology Solutions) is a wholly owned Canadian company that provides innovative decision-support solutions for the maritime market through the use of Artificial Intelligence and Big Data analytics.

GSTS predictive technologies empower future-friendly decision-making to help the maritime, security, logistics and service sectors navigate tomorrow, today. Kleos data will provide a valuable addition to GSTS services and data solutions by supporting vessel detection, classification and identification.

Kleos’ Scouting Mission satellites that are in Chennai, India awaiting launch on Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) PSLV C49, will detect and geolocate maritime radio frequency transmissions to provide global activity-based intelligence, enhancing the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities of governments and commercial entities when Automatic Identification System (AIS) is defeated, imagery unclear or targets out of patrol range. Kleos’ satellites will be in a 37-degree inclination orbit, covering crucial shipping regions for defense and security customers including the Strait of Hormuz, South China Sea, Australian coast, Southern US coast as well as the East and West African coast.

The Memorandum of Agreement signed by Kleos and GSTS allows for investigating opportunities to collaborate and develop marketable solutions; and to implement a scenario and demonstration to validate the technical feasibility and usability of collaborative solutions with the initial data licence procured for demonstration and assessment purposes.

About Kleos Space S.A.

Kleos Space S.A. (ASX: KSS) is a space enabled, activity-based intelligence, data as a service company based in Luxembourg. Kleos Space aims to guard borders, protect assets and save lives by delivering global activity-based intelligence and geolocation as a service. The first Kleos Space satellite system, known as Kleos Scouting Mission (KSM), will deliver commercially available data and perform as a technology demonstration. KSM will be the keystone for a later global high capacity constellation. The Scouting Mission will deliver targeted daily services with the full constellation delivering near-realtime global observation –

About GSTS

GSTS is a leader in Artificial Intelligence solutions for the maritime domain. Our solutions are designed to save lives, energy and the environment on a global scale through the use of novel applications based on emerging data sets and analytics. Our solutions enable enhanced decision-based operations for civil, commercial and security agencies and industries.

Flock supports Skyports in NHS drone delivery trials

Flock is supporting Skyports in drone delivery trials taking place this week, backed by Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership — part of NHS Highland.

This week, Skyports will conduct flights between two hospitals in Scotland, taking off in Oban before flying 10 miles away to the Isle of Mull.

The goal is to cut delivery times from 6 hours one way via ferry to just 15 minutes on-demand by drone, demonstrating the feasibility of delivering urgent medical cargo, such as COVID-19 test kits and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), between remote medical facilities by delivery drone.

Flock’s CEO, Ed Leon Klinger commented:

“A few years ago drone deliveries were no more than science fiction. Today they’re taking place around the world, helping to transport critical equipment like PPE and medication. Skyports are pioneers in the space and it’s very exciting to have helped unlock the critical insurance needed for these flights to take place. We’re delighted to provide support for the trials through our very own COVID-19 fund which was designed for exactly this kind of exceptional operation.

Flock is rapidly becoming known as the go-to insurer for drone deliveries due to our in-depth knowledge of the industry, a fully flexible approach to insurance, and key relationships with underwriters, such as Allianz who worked with us to support this trial.”

Alex Brown, Head of Operations at Skyports, added: “Flock never cease to amaze us with their speed, flexibility and ability to go above and beyond to support their customers. The majority of insurance providers out there wouldn’t know where to start with a complex operation like this, but for Flock, it’s their bread and butter. We’re delighted to have an insurance partner that helps us push the envelope of what’s possible whilst keeping safety at the heart of everything they do.”

The two-week trial represents a key milestone for unmanned aviation in the UK. Under current rules, drones must be flown within visual line of sight of the remote pilot. To undertake these extended flights, the project team have worked closely with the UK’s Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). Flock’s own collaboration with industry bodies and data-driven approach to insurance makes it one of the only insurers capable of understanding the challenges associated with Beyond Visual Line of Sight (BVLOS) flights around the world.

Joanna Macdonald, Chief Officer for Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership, said: “I am delighted that Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership is again at the forefront in Scotland using new technologies to benefit our patients

“The use of drones provides real opportunities to improve services and will help enable quicker diagnosis for our patients.“We are excited to be working with Skyports in the design of this new service.”

UAS manufactured by German unmanned aircraft-maker Wingcopter will be used, due to its proven capability through numerous delivery operations around the world. The trial flights will be planned through Thales’ leading drone operations management platform, SOARIZON, which offers digital tools to maintain compliant and safe drone flying operations.

“These medical delivery trials are an indication of the future we’re working towards” Ed continued. “As Governments and public bodies realise the transformational impact of drones, Flock remains ready and able to lend its expertise”.

AV8 make their EASA drone courses available to emergency services on a not-for-profit basis

AV8 are to make their market-leading General VLOS Certificate (GVC) conversion drone course available on a not-for-profit basis to anyone who flies drones for the emergency services*. The course, which includes both the GVC and A2 Certificate of Competence (A2 CofC), is part of the UK’s adoption of a harmonised European framework for drones, set to come into force on November 1st 2020.

Said Jon Anderson, CEO of AV8, “it’s difficult to overstate the contribution made by the women and men of the emergency services; if the past several months have shown us anything, it’s that their dedication and hard work saves lives. We wanted to contribute in some small way to their continued operation and, with the tremendous success of our EASA courses over the last few weeks, we saw an opportunity to help”.

As the UK’s leading provider of virtual drone training, AV8 are able to support completion of their GVC / A2 CofC courses entirely online. Students study through the company’s virtual learning environment with on-demand access to instructors over Zoom.

If you’d like to enrol under this programme, please email [email protected] for more details. A small charge of £100 per student (inc. VAT) is charged to help cover the costs of the course.

* Eligibility, prerequisites and terms & conditions apply.

About AV8

AV8 Flight School are a specialist aviation training provider, approved by the UK Civil Aviation Authority under the Recognised Assessment Entity framework. For more information, visit

Citadel Defense Builds Upon Industry-Leading Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Technology to Take Down Nefarious Drones

As adversaries look for ways to spoof counter unmanned aerial systems (C-UAS), Citadel responds with unparalleled speed and agility

San Diego, CA – Citadel Defense, a proven innovator in full spectrum counter drone solutions, has released new software incorporating deepfake neural networks to defend against adversarial spoofing tactics. This capability helps U.S. and allied forces combat growing enemy tactics that attempt to confuse existing and security intelligence equipment as spectrum superiority becomes more important.

Citadel was the first company to use artificial intelligence and machine learning to counter unmanned system threats. The company has now taken a quantum leap forward by using Generative Adversarial Networks in their Titan C-UAS solution.

Christopher Williams, CEO of Citadel Defense explains, “Just like anti-virus programs have methods to detect software exploits, Titan has automated methods that proactively defend against spoofing exploits. Adding new deep learning capabilities to Titan helps blind the drone-equipped enemy and deny them any advantage or safe haven in contested and complex radio frequency environments.”

Using proprietary image generation algorithms, Citadel has developed discrimination classification models that help determine whether the signal detected is a real drone or a generated signal by the adversary trying to trick existing signal intelligence equipment.

All too frequently, technology providers are promising support for “some” new drone threats in a release that is “launching soon”. When your customers face genuine threats to safety, “Some is not a number and soon is not a time,” says Williams. “Offering the most comprehensive threat protection against group I and II threats with near real-time responsiveness has been our company’s priority from the beginning.”

As the use of drones and surface-based robotic platforms proliferate on the battlefield, Citadel is rapidly equipping militaries and governments with the most cutting-edge capabilities to stay ahead of the weaponized drone threat.

In the last three months, Citadel has trained over 500 military and law enforcement operators on emerging adversarial threat tactics and Titan technology. Over 100 Titan systems are being updated with the company’s latest software release.


Citadel Defense is a counter-drone (C-UAS) technology company that builds industry-leading drone mitigation solutions for military, homeland security and commercial applications. Citadel technology is trusted by commercial, Government, international and military users including, U.S. Special Forces, Army, Navy, Air Force, Department of Homeland Security, Border Patrol, and Coast Guard.

For more information, contact [email protected] or visit

Acecore Technologies introduces their Noa drone, the persistent heavy lifting hexacopter.

Acecore Technologies, developer and manufacturer of high end European made commercial multirotors, released their third drone platform today. The new Acecore Noa has a 20kg payload capacity that leaves nothing to be desired and the endurance of a full hour. Its six enlarged rotors give Noa the edge over the competition. Sporting huge 28″ reinforced carbon fiber props, this pixhawk-based hexacopter excels at staying in the air longer than ever before.

Convenience first

The new Acecore Noa was designed to be the first drone to combine heavy lifting with endurance in harsh environments. Its six custom ace motors are mounted upside-down onto its true carbon fiber monocoque frame allowing users to operate the drone in 9mm/h downfall. While keeping the water out, Noa’s hollow arms generate a cool airflow through the system. This active air cooling ensures the system can be used in outside temperatures up to 50 degrees ceclius.

Four battery packs ranging from 11A-23A can be inserted and locked in place by the new shark fin battery latch. Each of the six booms mount to Noa’s centerpiece using double action quick release locks. Screw-on propellor adapters result in a completely toolless setup of the system.

Payload options

The Acecore Noa hexacopter has a maximum payload capacity of 20 kilograms useful load, but can be operated at much lower weights. A 3kg/ 6.6lbs payload such as the Sony A7R iv and Gremsy T3 V3 gimbal can be flown for over 40 minutes. Land surveying, 2D & 3D LiDAR mapping, wind turbine/ powerline inspection and a wide array of professions will find the extended endurance especially useful. Noa’s carbon fiber retractable landing gear offers a 360 degrees unobstructed view which is preferable for many applications, including cinematography and security.

Users can seamlessly swap payloads using Acecore’s modular quick release. Stabilized by the internal octople wire damping, the standard Gremsy quick release offers the flexibility that professionals often need. Using optional adapters, almost any third party payload can be fitted. Even the DJI Ronin 2 gimbal, equipped with RED Weapon 6K and Sigma 50-100 T2 cine lens is amongst the options. At 12kg/ 26.2lbs, this Hollywood-tier cinematic setup falls well within Noa’s lifting capabilities and can be flown for upwards of 25 minutes.

Besides the cinematic industry, users will find comfort in the redundancy that is offered by using a high end hexacopter drone as opposed to a quadcopter. With an engine to spare, the Acecore Noa can safely land in the rare case of an engine/ ESC failure. Recovering the highly valuable payload and preventing material or physical damage to people and objects on the ground.

<25kg MTOW

The Noa can be operated under the 25kg/ 55lbs Maximum Take-off Weight (MTOW) limit that many CAA authorities exercise. This version of the drone comes with its own specification sheet that specifies the MTOW of 24.95kg as opposed to the 36.9kg MTOW of the standard version. Staying under this limit, users can still operate payloads up to 8kg/ 17.6lbs with the improved redundancy and reliability of a hexacopter.

Although the motor configuration is completely new, Noa fits right into the Acecore ecosystem. This means it is compatible and can be used with virtually all controller options and payloads that Zoe and Neo work with.

Pricing & availability

The new Acecore Noa is available for order from Acecore directly or any authorized reseller effective immediately. First units will start shipping the first week of July 2020.

Please inquire with Acecore directly to receive pricing details and the full list of configurable options.

Thales and Skyports partner to conduct drone delivery trial for NHS in Scotland to support UK COVID-19 response

The trial is backed by Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership (HSCP) – the integrated partnership of NHS Highland and Argyll and Bute Council directed by the local Integration Joint Board – and aims to prove the feasibility of delivering urgent medical cargo, such as COVID-19 test kits and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), between remote medical facilities by delivery drone.

UK drone delivery provider Skyports will conduct the trial and operate the flights using delivery drones supplied by unmanned aircraft-maker Wingcopter, because of its proven capability through numerous delivery operations around the world. These trial flights will be planned through Thales’ leading drone operations management platform, SOARIZON, which offers digital tools to maintain compliant and safe drone flying operations.

Based at Lorn and Islands Hospital in Oban, the trial will consist of two-way flights between the hospital and Mull and Iona Community Hospital in Craignure 10 miles (16km) away on the Isle of Mull.

As COVID-19 testing rapidly gathers pace in the UK, the proposed delivery service will help to ensure that isolated communities have access to tests, delivered in a fast and efficient way. Currently, the majority of medical supplies and specimens are transported between the laboratory at Lorn and Islands Hospital, surrounding general practitioners’ surgeries and other healthcare settings by sea and road, a long and complicated journey.

This service will see delivery times cut from up to 6 hours one-way by ground transport and ferry to around 15 minutes, on-demand, by drone, bringing considerable savings in terms of time and resource, as well as contributing to keeping front line medical and delivery personnel safe.

Answering the call from government and Argyll and Bute HSCP, in response to the COVID-19 crisis, this trial is the result of rapid mobilisation from industry as well as the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), Local Government, NHS Scotland and the Department for Transport (DfT). Argyll and Bute HSCP has been at the forefront of exploring with Skyports the use of unmanned aircraft technology, building on preliminary work with the Scottish Government on the possibility of drone use by the public sector emergency services in Scotland.

The two-week trial represents a crucial milestone for unmanned aviation in the UK. Under current rules, drones must always be flown within visual line of sight of the remote pilot. To undertake these more extended flights, the project team has been in close consultation with the CAA.

Through this trial, the alliance aims to prove the long-term, sustainable viability of such services; bringing together regulation, government and industry to unlock the transformational potential of drones for society when used in a safe, secure and controlled way.

Alex Cresswell, CEO of Thales UK, said of the project: “Thales’s technologies are playing a crucial part in the response to COVID-19 – both globally and here in the UK. This trial demonstrates the positive role that unmanned technology can play in our society and represents a landmark step to accelerate its adoption. We look forward to continuing to work collaboratively with industry partners, regulators and government to establish the UK as a world leader in this exciting new industry.”

Duncan Walker, CEO of Skyports, said: “Delivery drones are a fast and reliable solution for vital medical supplies. Skyports is proud to assist the NHS in Scotland with their COVID-19 response, helping to provide the essential healthcare that people need in harder-to-reach areas. Our trial in Argyll and Bute provides an important short-term response to the current pandemic and lays the foundations from which to grow a permanent drone delivery operation across a network of healthcare facilities around the country.”

Joanna Macdonald, Chief Officer for Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership, said: “I am delighted that Argyll and Bute Health and Social Care Partnership is again at the forefront in Scotland using new technologies to benefit our patients

“The use of drones provides real opportunities to improve services and will help enable quicker diagnosis for our patients.

“We are excited to be working with Skyports in the design of this new service.”

Thales and Skyports are also working together within the CAA Regulatory Sandbox programme, exploring how regulatory approvals can be granted for more widespread BVLoS drone operations in the UK.

Once the trial has been successfully completed, the team will continue to work closely with the CAA and the NHS to make services available in Scotland and across the UK to provide access to this innovative technology to a wide range of organisations, in particular a number of other NHS Boards and Trusts.

Adaptive Recreational Therapy utilizing sUAS

Joseph Dorando

Over the many years that I’ve been training disabled veterans into becoming small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) commercial (FAA Part 107) operators with Wounded Eagle UAS, it’s come to my attention that there is an amazing therapy treatment that physical therapists and those in the medical community are unaware of. A therapy treatment that strengthens/teaches eye and hand co-ordination, spacial thinking, muscle training and memory, dexterity, concentration, focus, and attention span along with employment and enhanced social enabling skills.

Most all of my students have mentioned to me how flying sUAS had become something they not only enjoyed, but that it had become a form of therapy for them and how they looked forward to and enjoyed coming out to the field gaining more time in flight training operations. As they progressed in their flight skills, I would introduce them to flying via First Person View (FPV) and one of their comments was “it was like an out of body experience”. This isn’t some video game, this is real world!

If ever there was a validation, this was it.

Physical and mental issues such as Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other neurological disorders and cognitive abilities are difficult issues to cope or deal with, but has anyone (besides me) thought about the therapeutic benefits/value of flying/operating an sUAS along with FPV and what enjoyment this could bring to their patients and their treatment regime?

Think about it. Talk to any pilot and have them tell you about their joy of flight and they’ll tell you there is no other experience like it. With a small unmanned aerial vehicle (sUAV) equipped with FPV and a head-tracking camera, you could take someone who’s confined to a wheelchair and transform that chair into a pilot seat! You’re flying through a giant TV screen that you saw aboard the USS Enterprise in Star Trek. Image soaring above the hills and valleys viewing in any and all directions, or over and through the trees in a challenging course. These are just some of the skills and aspects they could acquire, develop and enjoy. All while receiving therapy treatment!

An example of one of the current therapies in practice with disabled veterans is “tying a fly” for tap water fishing. Not that I have anything against my fellow fishermen who enjoy lakes and streams (I’m more of a tuna/yellowtail guy personally and maybe a bit snobbish about it), but how often will they be able to go fly fishing as opposed to flying an FPV racer that can pop a “maximum” speed of 100mph and turn on a dime? And they could use their drone to troll lures around the lake for fishing (streams may be more problematic). Note, per FAA regulations, no sUAS should travel over 100mph.

sUAS comes in many flavors and sizes and camera transmitters have become even smaller. There are 2 popular FPV drone sizes called micro drones that are as small as 65mm and 75mm with a 25mWatt camera transmitter that you can operate safely indoors. You could mount a more powerful camera transmitter to a fixed wing aircraft or multirotor and fly all over the place. If you have an extra set of googles, you can take someone along in the “jump seat”. This is a 21st century treatment or tool for the therapist to have in their toolbox (or toy box).

From my anecdotal experience, I believe they are missing a golden opportunity to discover another practical use for sUAS with the treatment of a variety of physical and mental disabilities. I’m reaching out to the medical community to explore the various treatment capabilities and possibilities of using sUAS in their practice and what this could bring to their patients. Image the difference this could make in their quality of life and standard of living…

Third building block to enable safe VTOL operation and new air mobility in Europe

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) today published proposed methods how to certify hybrid or electric air taxis (VTOL). Therefore, the Agency invites stakeholders and other interested parties to review the plans and provide their comments.

This is the latest milestone in EASA’s roadmap to enable safe VTOL (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) operations and new air mobility in Europe. The first building block published in July 2019 contained the certification framework for manufacturers to start developing innovative air taxi vehicles (Special Condition VTOL).

The second block proposed certification requirements for electric and/or hybrid propulsion systems and is currently subject to a public consultation until June 19, 2020.

Now that the industry is moving from prototypes into more mature designs, guidance on how to comply with the certification requirements is needed. The third block published today therefore proposes means of compliance for key certification requirements such as the structural design envelope, flight load conditions, crashworthiness, capability after bird impact, design of fly-by-wire systems, safety assessment process, lightning protection and minimum handling qualities rating.

These subjects were identified and discussed with industry members and representatives from other aviation authorities worldwide. The requirements and guidance cater for a wide variety of flying vehicle architectures and enable innovative designs. The scope for the guidance remains “person-carrying small VTOL aircraft with 3 or more lift/thrust units used to generate powered lift and control”.

Some preliminary information – presented at the last EASA Rotorcraft & VTOL Symposium in December 2019 – is available online. The Agency will continue working with industry to enable them to develop new forms of mobility. This will be followed by additional guidance to extend progressively towards new technologies as they emerge.

The next package of guidance material will be presented during the 2020 EASA Rotorcraft and VTOL Symposium scheduled November 10 – 12, 2020 as part of the new Rotorcraft event EUROPEAN ROTORS

The Cube Ecosystem

Bamboozled by bits, confused over connections? ProfiCNC has released a poster that highlights peripherals able to connect with ease to the Cube autopilot.

Get your full size version here

Just the thing for a drone nerds man cave, sorry hanger.

The Cube autopilot is a further evolution of the Pixhawk autopilot. It is designed for commercial systems and manufacturers who wish to fully integrate a autopilot into their system. On top of the existing features of Pixhawk, it has the following enhancements:

  • 3 sets of IMU sensors for extra redundancy
  • 2 sets of IMU are vibration-isolated mechanically, reducing the effect of frame vibration to state estimation
  • IMUs are temperature-controlled by onboard heating resistors, allowing optimum working temperature of IMUs
  • The entire flight management unit(FMU) and inertial management unit(IMU) are housed in a reatively small form factor (a cube). All inputs and outputs go through a 80-pin DF17 connector, allowing a plug-in solution for manufacturers of commercial systems. Manufacturers can design their own carrier boards to suite their specific needs.


  • Processor
    • 32-bit ARM Cortex M4 core with FPU
    • 168 Mhz/256 KB RAM/2 MB Flash
    • 32-bit failsafe co-processor
  • Sensors
    • Three redundant IMUs (accels, gyros and compass)
    • InvenSense MPU9250, ICM20948 and/or ICM20648 as first and third IMU (accel and gyro)
    • ST Micro L3GD20+LSM303D or InvenSense ICM2076xx as backup IMU (accel and gyro)
    • Two redundant MS5611 barometers
  • Power
    • Redundant power supply with automatic failover
    • Servo rail high-power (7 V) and high-current ready
    • All peripheral outputs over-current protected, all inputs ESD protected
  • Interfaces
    • 14x PWM servo outputs (8 from IO, 6 from FMU)
    • S.Bus servo output
    • R/C inputs for CPPM, Spektrum / DSM and S.Bus
    • Analogue / PWM RSSI input
    • 5x general purpose serial ports, 2 with full flow control
    • 2x I2C ports
    • SPI port (un-buffered, for short cables only not recommended for use)
    • 2x CAN Bus interface
    • 3x Analogue inputs (3.3V and 6.6V)
    • High-powered piezo buzzer driver (on expansion board)
    • High-power RGB LED (I2C driver compatible connected externally only)
    • Safety switch / LED

USC-STC Announces #UC20Remote Virtual Conference

OTTAWA: Unmanned Systems Canada / Systèmes Télécommandés Canada is pleased to announce that its 18th Annual Unmanned Canada Conference and Exhibition will be presented virtually this year, allowing for an even greater variety of keynotes and content from Canadian and International experts – with none of the concerns associated with #COVID19. USC-STC’s online conference, UC20Remote, will take place at the same time planned for our physical conference – early November, 2020.

“Taking UnmannedCanada.20 online will equal or surpass our established tradition of exceptional conference experience and content,” says Conference Chair Jordan Cicoria. “The virtual venue allows us to bring experts from around the globe together in a way never before possible.”

USC-STC’s Conference Committee made the decision after carefully weighing the benefits of offering a virtual conference experience during the #COVID19 era. Those benefits include:

  • The ability to provide an equivalent, high-quality conference experience with our usual high

    standard of keynotes and speakers
  • New option to access conference proceedings and materials post-event
  • Multiple ticket choices during a year when many companies expect to see budgets for travel

    and conference slashed
  • Value for Sponsors and Exhibitors with our virtual Exhibition Floor

The UC20Remote conference – as with other annual USC-STC events – will gather key

providers, thought leaders, and regulators from the unmanned industry around the globe.

“We can assure attendees this will be a memorable and high-quality event at price points suitable for every budget,” says USC-STC Chair Michael Cohen. “I look forward to welcoming familiar faces – and new ones – for a spectacular online gathering this November.”

Pricing and registration will be announced soon. Check our conference website for details.

For more information, email [email protected] For media requests,

please contact Scott Simmie @ [email protected] or 416-705-9100.