Does LAANC have security issues?

Sent out yesterday, Thursday 5th December by the FAA. I will leave you dear sUAS News reader to join the dots.

Bottom line though,don’t get airspace permissions for sensitive jobs via LAANC.

From: Maria DiPasquantonio (Deputy Director for IPP)

Subject: Data Security

Dear Lead Participants,

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is in the process of establishing new data security and sovereignty requirements and policy for Low Altitude and Notification Capability (LAANC) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Service Suppliers (USS). We will let you know when these new requirements and policy are instituted and published on the FAA LAANC website (https://www.faa.gov/uas/programs_partnerships/data_exchange/).

In the interim, the FAA is addressing operations and security and operational privacy issues by

1) advising interagency partners not to useLAANC for sensitive UAS missions; and

2) providing an alternate mechanism to obtain airspace authorizations via the DroneZone (https://faadronezone.faa.gov).

We also want to make sure you are all aware of the Industry Alert issued by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) last May regarding Chinese-manufactured UAS (see attached).

We strongly recommend you become familiar with all user agreements regarding data sharing and sovereignty policies for all of your technology tools, including equipment and software, to make informed decisions on data protection. We also recommend you discuss data protection with your team members and review your agreements with them to ensure you know how your data is used and shared.

Kind Regards,

Maria DiPasquantonio

~~~

Maria A. DiPasquantonio

Deputy Director, UAS Integration Pilot Program (IPP)

Federal Aviation Administration

Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Office

Office: + 1.202.267.9336

Mobile: + 1.202.253.8512

The attached information…..

Chinese Manufactured Unmanned Aircraft Systems

INDUSTRY ALERT

As commercial unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) sales in the United States rapidly rise and their capabilities evolve, organizations are beginning to strongly consider integrating the technology into security and safety operations. UAS can serve as a beneficial tool for businesses, providing a reliable, effective, cost-saving way to reduce risk to employees, improve operational efficiency, and increase situational awareness. Many organizations have already started to leverage versatile UAS in a number of ways:

Security – Identify security gaps and vulnerabilities. They are also being used as a response alternative, assisting in searching difficult to reach areas, and performing advance functions to identify potential issues before a security team arrives at a location.

Surveying – Survey large plots of land in a fraction of the time, and capture more detailed information about the current state of an area.

Monitoring – Monitor and secure remote areas, incorporating a mechanism for quick response to places that are time consuming or difficult to reach on the ground.

Inspection – Conduct site inspections, often times cutting back on costs, and improving efficiency.

Although UAS can provide various benefits, U.S. intelligence and security officials have repeatedly warned about the cyber and data security risks associated with information or communications technologies designed, manufactured, or sold by commercial enterprises operating under the control or influence of a foreign authoritarian state.

While the risk of compromise is inherent in any technology that generates

or collects sensitive data or otherwise has access to critical systems, the risk increases dramatically where the technology is made or sold by a company that could be persuaded or compelled to access that data or abuse that access on behalf of a foreign government that does not share our Constitutional norms and values, including meaningful and independent judicial review.

The United States government has strong concerns about any technology product that takes American data into the territory of an authoritarian state that permits its intelligence services to have unfettered access to that data or otherwise abuses that access. Those concerns apply with equal force to certain Chinese-made UAS-connected devices capable of collecting and transferring potentially revealing data about their operations and the individuals and entities operating them, as China imposes unusually stringent obligations on its citizens to support national intelligence activities. Security professionals should mitigate these risks in the same manner that they would any other connected technology.

Potential Risk To An Organization’s Information

With technology evolving, the convergence of physical and cyber threats is becoming more prominent. Organizations need to be aware of the various risks that UAS present to their information. As with all connected devices, the protection of sensitive information or intellectual property remains a top priority and significant challenge. Organizations that conduct operations impacting national security or the Nation’s critical functions must remain especially vigilant as they may be at greater risk of espionage and theft of proprietary information.

Chinese Manufactured UAS can expose your organization’s information through the following:

Operators

Inexperienced operators can place an organization’s UAS device and its data at risk if

they do not follow established procedures for securing the

UAS before, during, and after flight. Both transmitted and stored data are vulnerable when the device, its components, or its transmission feed are not properly secured by the operator.

Manufacturers & Vendors

Organization’s information is at risk if employing technology that has been corrupted by malware, or contain automatic data transmission back to a third party. Manufacturers and vendors can build in malware or collect data from your UAS device without your knowledge.

Data Theft

Organizations are susceptible to theft

of information if the

UAS device and your organization’s network are not properly secured, and if the communication feed that the UAS is operating on is unencrypted.

Network Intrusion

UAS can expose organizations to network breaches, which could lead to unauthorized access to data sets and other information.

How Organizations Can Reduce Risk

UAS threats to information affect organizations of all sizes, and require the collective attention and involvement of all levels of an organization, from employees to executives. To help their companies address risks posed by UAS, it is imperative that these individuals work together to identify comprehensive risk mitigation solutions that inform necessary security protocols and procedures.

Before incorporating UAS into your organization, consider the following:

Purchase UAS devices and components from reputable vendors

Do your research and ensure that the vendor from whom you plan to purchase your device and its components is trustworthy. Be cautious when purchasing UAS technology from Chinese manufacturers as they can contain components that can compromise your data and share your information on a server accessed beyond the company itself.

Understand how and where your UAS data is being stored

Be aware of whether your UAS data is being stored by the vendor or other third parties. If it is being stored, find out how, where, and for how long.

Determine how your UAS will interact with infrastructure and networks

To avoid compromising proprietary information, be sure to understand how to properly operate and limit your device’s access to networks in order to avoid unnecessary exposure of data to external threats. There are proactive steps that can be taken to deactivate vulnerable features of UAS.

Perform a risk assessment

Risk assessments should be performed to identify physical and cyber threats to your organization’s information. Assessments can inform how to appropriately incorporate UAS into security and safety operations while reducing the risks of data compromise to market competitors or malicious actors. Protective and response strategies should be incorporated into emergency action plans.

Implement a layered security approach

Develop policies, strategies, and plans that collectively address the UAS device, its components, the operator, and your organization’s physical and cyber infrastructure.

Potential Mitigating Measures for Chinese Manufactured UAS

Deactivate internet connection from device used to operate the UAS.

Take precautionary steps prior to installing updated software or firmware.

Remove secure digital card from the main flight controller/aircraft.

If SD card is required to fly the aircraft, remove all data from the card after every flight.

For more information please visit www.dhs.gov/cisa/uas-critical-infrastructure

UAVenture unveils CLARDI’s smart autogyro

Very, very interesting. It’s been a while since I have seen a genuinely different platform and UAVentures seem to have hit the nail on the head with complex simplicity.

Just watch the video, it looks like its meant to be in the air. This sort of thing is not simple at all, if you have ever flown an RC autogyro you know they are pigs! (But fun)

I would very much like to see this platform in Rwanda at the African Drone Forum competition next year.

The AirRails flight control platform now supports helicopter drones as the result of a multi-year cooperation with a renowned European sports aircraft manufacturer who has shifted to drone design and manufacturing.

The first two products to be released are a 20kg and 100kg drone that merge the best of gyrocopter and helicopter technology into a single system for a fully autonomous, vertical takeoff and landing capable drone in helicopter mode and an efficient forward flight in an autorotating gyrocopter mode. They are capable of operating throughout the entire speed range from 0 km/h to more than 150km/h.

The high-quality modular design allows for simple switching of a range of light to heavy payloads with an impressive endurance in both hover and forward “autorotation” flight. The GT range will play a significant role in the agricultural, security and delivery sectors in the very near future.

UAVenture has been heavily involved in the project from in inception, through the design and prototyping phases and on towards production readiness early 2020, once again demonstrating our strength in embedding ourselves deep in the manufacturing team to bring out the best all round product possible.

More information about the manufacturer, specs and availability will be available soon.

UAVentures

UAVentures unveil smart autogyro

Very, very interesting. It’s been a while since I have seen a genuinely different platform and UAVentures seem to have hit the nail on the head with complex simplicity.

Just watch the video, it looks like its meant to be in the air. This sort of thing is not simple at all, if you have ever flown an RC autogyro you know they are pigs! (But fun)

I would very much like to see this platform in Rwanda at the African Drone Forum competition next year.

The AirRails flight control platform now supports helicopter drones as the result of a multi-year cooperation with a renowned European sports aircraft manufacturer who has shifted to drone design and manufacturing.

The first two products to be released are a 20kg and 100kg drone that merge the best of gyrocopter and helicopter technology into a single system for a fully autonomous, vertical takeoff and landing capable drone in helicopter mode and an efficient forward flight in an autorotating gyrocopter mode. They are capable of operating throughout the entire speed range from 0 km/h to more than 150km/h.

The high-quality modular design allows for simple switching of a range of light to heavy payloads with an impressive endurance in both hover and forward “autorotation” flight. The GT range will play a significant role in the agricultural, security and delivery sectors in the very near future.

UAVenture has been heavily involved in the project from in inception, through the design and prototyping phases and on towards production readiness early 2020, once again demonstrating our strength in embedding ourselves deep in the manufacturing team to bring out the best all round product possible.

More information about the manufacturer, specs and availability will be available soon.

UAVentures

Stampede to Distribute Delair UX11 Drone

AMHERST, NEW YORK, December 5, 2019 —Stampede, the global leader in value-added distribution, today announced that it has been appointed to serve as a United States distribution partner by Delair, a leading provider of end-to-end visual intelligence solutions that enable enterprises to capture, manage and analyze their assets and turn the collected data into valuable business insights.

The agreement enables Stampede to offer its customers the Delair UX11 drone, the most advanced long-range drone available for commercial

surveying and mapping applications in industries such as utilities, agriculture, mining, transportation, construction, conservation and education.

The fixed-wing UX11 drone is part of an innovative hardware-software platform that provides a simple, cloud-connected and intelligent solution for gathering accurate aerial images for user-friendly map creation. With AI-ready, onboard processing capabilities and real-time, long-range control, anyone can create custom aerial maps. The platform’s efficient operational characteristics make it the most cost-effective, easy to deploy a solution for large area mapping.

According to Stampede President & CEO Kevin Kelly, “Delair is the globally recognized one-stop source for digital applications ranging from data collection to business intelligence and the addition of their product line to our portfolio of offerings enables our resellers across the United States to provide their customers with integrated and easy-to-use workflow solutions to manage, analyze and share data.”

Delair’s offerings combine high-performance UAV hardware with delair.ai, the industry’s most robust platform to power an entire visual intelligence workflow, from data management to advanced analytics. The combination provides Stampede’s resellers and their respective clients with an easy and efficient way to access aerial data for asset management, advanced measurements, and monitoring of KPIs to enable their digital transformation

In announcing the appointment of Stampede to serve as its United States distribution partner, Matt Hayes, Delair Director of the Americas, noted, “Stampede has the sales, training and support infrastructure in place that will help us to achieve our near and long term sales and market development objectives across all of the industries that can benefit from our solutions. We are excited to join forces with this dynamic sales organization.”

Delair’s solutions are sold in over 70 countries in industries such as mining,

construction, agriculture, oil and gas, utilities, transportation, education and conservation. Delair has strengthened its position as a global leader through strategic acquisitions (Gatewing, Airware/Redbird), and a strategic investment by Intel Corporation. Founded in 2011 by experts in the aerospace industry, the company employs 180 people and has offices in Toulouse, Paris, Los Angeles and Singapore.

Drones Guidance for the UAS Recognised Assessment Entity scheme

Requirements, administrative processes, instructions and guidance related to the operation of the Recognised Assessment Entity (RAE) scheme within the United Kingdom have been updated.

Unmanned Aircraft System Operations in UK Airspace – The UK Recognised Assessment Entity (CAP722B) is intended for organisations that are, or wish to be, approved as an RAE.

This new edition accounts for the introduction of the harmonised European Union (EU) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Regulations, which become applicable on 1 July 2020. In line with international developments, the naming of the National Qualified Entity (NQE) has been changed to Recognised Assessment Entity (RAE).

SW2019/229

Skyports raises £5.35 million in Series A funding

Skyports, the urban air mobility infrastructure provider and drone delivery operator, has raised £5.35 million in Series A funding. Jointly led by Deutsche Bahn Digital Ventures (DBDV) and Groupe ADP, the round also includes significant new investment from Levitate Capital following their seed investment in the company in January 2018.

This capital allows Skyports to continue its programme of acquiring sites for passenger and cargo vertiports in cities around the world, including Singapore and Los Angeles. Following the Singapore showcase of the world’s first passenger vertiport in October – the VoloPort – in partnership with air taxi manufacturer Volocopter, Skyports has received substantial interest from landlords in the city state and other cities around the world.

Skyports also plans to further develop its drone delivery business. Building on its acquisition of multiple drone platforms to suit operations in urban and rural environments, Skyports will expand the team for full commercialisation of its delivery services.

“We are delighted to welcome strategic investors with a long-term vision for the company,” said Duncan Walker, Chief Executive Officer of Skyports. “Our investors bring expertise in mobility, infrastructure and airport operations. Their significant balance sheets and strong leadership in their respective markets allow Skyports to consolidate its leading position in the industry in these early stages and through to permanent commercial operations in multiple markets.”

“Vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) vehicles are a new expression of airport activity – infrastructure, vehicle handling and passenger experience – and we are setting ourselves up to play a leading role in the development of Urban Air Mobility in the Paris Region and internationally through our 25 airports worldwide,” said Edward Arkwright, Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Groupe ADP. “This strategic partnership will allow us to develop a deeper understanding of the emerging VTOL market and will provide strong synergies through Skyports’ expertise in urban areas.”

The urban aviation market is anticipated to be worth c. $1.5 trillion by 2040, $850 billion of which will be taken up by passenger vehicles and $400[1] billion by the transportation of goods by drone. Significant investment has gone into the vehicles and research and development enabling technology whilst urban air mobility (UAM) infrastructure is under-invested. Without the take-off and landing infrastructure in place, the nascent UAM industry will fail to realise its market and socio-economic potential.

DBDV and Groupe ADP will take seats on the Skyports Board. Skyports has the option for a second close in the Series A round in the near future.

Drone Tech Startup EagleHawk Adds to Team

BUFFALO, NY – EagleHawk is pleased to announce the addition of Nick Mangiafesto to the team as Sales Development Representative. He has more than eight years of sales and development experience and most recently worked for Pointman in Buffalo as a Sales Development Representative. He holds a bachelor’s degree from SUNY Brockport and a Master’s degree from Medaille College. Mangiafesto is based out of EagleHawk’s Buffalo office.

EagleHawk is currently in the GENIUS NY accelerator and won a $500,000 award this year to continue developing its software and intelligent algorithm solutions for facility managers to better manage the maintenance and repair of their roofs, district heating systems, solar panel installations, and other large-scale facility assets. EagleHawk plans to continue to add to its team in Buffalo and Syracuse in 2020.

“We’re excited to continue to add to the team with the addition of Nick,” said Patrick Walsh, Chief Executive Officer and co-Founder at EagleHawk. “We are growing rapidly, which means that we’re looking to hire key talent to meet a number of operational and strategic goals. Our sales needs have been growing steadily throughout 2019 and we’re looking forward to having Nick on the team to help us achieve new sales growth for the company in 2020.”

EagleHawk is the leading provider of information services using drones and thermal imaging technology. We specialize in delivering full-service inspection solutions for governments and municipalities, public and private colleges and universities, medical institutions, large retail developments, and property management companies across the U.S. Protective asset inspections deliver insights that enable our clients to better control costs, improve safety, reduce energy waste, and extend the useful life of their assets. Our approach leverages proven technology to improve upon traditional inspection methods, which are often ineffective and expensive, resulting in the most cost-effective way to accurately assess the condition of these assets on a regular basis. To learn more about our services, visit www.EagleHawk.io.

WTB and OET Seek Comment on Section 374 of FAA Reauthorization Act

By this Public Notice, the Wireless Telecommunications Bureau and the Office of Engineering and Technology seek comment on issues related to unmanned aerial (or aircraft) system (UAS) operations in the 960-1164 MHz and 5030-5091 MHz bands pursuant to a reporting requirement mandated by Congress in the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018

The FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 requires the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), and the Commission, to submit to specified committees of Congress a report that examines whether to allow the provision of certain UAS communications on the spectrum bands identified in the Act (or others, if necessary).

The Act specifically requires the FAA, the NTIA, and the Commission, after consultation with relevant stakeholders, to submit a report:

(1) on whether unmanned aircraft systems operations should be permitted, but not required, to operate on spectrum that was recommended for allocation for [Aeronautical Mobile Route (R) Service]2 and control links3 for UAS by the World Radio Conferences in 2007 (L-band, 960-1164 MHz)4 and 2012 (C-band, 5030-5091 MHz),5 on an unlicensed, shared, or exclusive basis, for operations within the [UAS Traffic Management] system or outside of such a system;

(2) that addresses any technological, statutory, regulatory, and operational barriers to the use of such spectrum; and

(3) that, if it is determined that some spectrum frequencies are not suitable for beyond visual-line-of-sight operations by unmanned aircraft systems, includes recommendations of other spectrum frequencies that may be appropriate for such operations.

Accordingly, we invite interested parties to provide comments on the issues identified above as the Commission prepares its contribution to this report. We seek specific comment on how various spectrum access methods and existing and planned infrastructure might overcome any technological or operational barriers to UAS operations in such spectrum.

We note that a Petition for Rulemaking recommending service rules for the 5030-5091 MHz allocation is currently pending before the Commission.

The record in that proceeding, including the Aerospace Industries Association’s Petition for Rulemaking and comments in response, may provide useful background to interested parties.

To inform our Section 374 efforts, we also seek comment on additional actions we might take to promote the safe and robust use of licensed, commercial spectrum for UAS operations.

Numerous studies are currently underway to determine how existing flexible use mobile networks can be leveraged to safely and reliably support UAS command and control systems as well as other uses such as payload applications.

While it appears that such spectrum has the potential to support low-altitude UAS, studies—such as those being conducted by 3GPP—indicate that the use of flexible use spectrum to support unmanned aircraft may increase the risk of interference to adjacent spectrum bands and geographic markets, particularly in circumstances where high densities of unmanned aircraft are involved.

We request information on the UAS applications (e.g. command and control, payload, or telemetry) and deployment scenarios under consideration by wireless service providers and equipment manufacturers at this time, as well as on the technical issues, including potential interference concerns, they are encountering in direct studies and testing.

What are the altitude limits (above ground level) in using conventional mobile network infrastructure, and what are the infrastructure and spectrum options for serving unmanned aircraft at higher altitudes (in controlled airspace)?

Additionally, what technical issues or interference concerns might arise from dissimilar uses of the same frequencies in a relevant geographic area or in adjacent areas? We also request comment on solutions under consideration to mitigate interference issues.

Read more

Sentera Announces Mavic™ 2 Pro Double 4K Upgrade

Sentera have announced the availability of its Double 4K precision agriculture sensor on DJI Mavic 2 Pro drone. This offering provides Double 4K quality at entry-level pricing, expanding data collection options for ag professionals and growers. Several system configurations are available including collection of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), normalized difference red edge (NDRE), and high-resolution RGB data in a single flight. The Mavic 2 Pro drone with a Double 4K Sensor offers a robust yet affordable solution that helps users quickly detect and respond to problems.

Enabling Better Decision-Making for the 2020 Growing Season

Better in-field data leads to better decisions, which translate into improved outcomes. The Double 4K sensor delivers outstanding high-resolution crop health imagery and data.

“We are excited to extend compatibility to the popular Mavic drone family in order to influence better decision-making and improve outcomes in the 2020 growing season.” said Ethan Oscarson, Product Experience Manager at Sentera. “This solution will give ag professionals more control over their data capture than ever before, offering multiple configuration options on an easy-to-use platform.”

A Variety of Data Capture Options

By retaining full functionality of the DJI Mavic 2 Pro stock camera while integrating the versatile Sentera Double 4K sensor onto the commercial drone, ag professionals can capture even more data, all in a single flight.

For the Mavic 2 Pro, Sentera will offer the Double 4K Sensor in two different configurations:

  • Five-band Multispectral (blue, green, red, red edge, and near-infrared (NIR)
  • Precision NDVI + Precision NDRE (for use with specific digital agriculture platforms)

Leveraging the Data

All data is seamlessly compatible with Sentera’s FieldAgent™ Web, Mobile, and Desktop Software, integrating the Double 4K data with all major digital agriculture platforms.

Compatible Platforms

Existing Mavic 2 Pro drones can be sent directly to Sentera for modification. Producers who want to obtain a new Mavic 2 Pro drone with an installed Sentera Double 4K Sensor can purchase an integrated system directly through Sentera. Contact us to get started today. Click here for more information about the Mavic™ 2 Pro Double 4K Upgrade, you can view the entire datasheet here.

About Sentera

Sentera is a leading supplier of integrated remote sensing and IoT solutions to the agriculture industry, making it easy for users to bring in-field data off the farm for further analysis. Sentera equipment has flown tens of millions of acres all over the world. For more information, visit www.sentera.com.

The World’s First ISO Approved Drone Safety Standards announced today

Today the world’s first ISO approved drone standards have been announced by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) following a 12-month period of consultation with drone professionals, academics, businesses and the general public.

The final publication of these new international safety and quality Standards for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are set to have a massive impact on the future growth of the drone industry throughout the world, and, are the product of several years of cooperation and rigorous interrogation from all sectors of society.

This important first step is part of a wider deliverable by ISO which is expected to trigger rapid acceleration in the use of air drones by organisations keen to reap the rewards of this transformative technology, against a background of reassurance on safety and security within a new framework of approved regulatory compliance.

Today’s announcement by ISO represents enormous progress in the standardisation of the global drone industry and is of particular significance in addressing the operational requirements of the more recognised and prevalent air drones, also known as UAS. The new Standards include protocols on Quality, Safety, Security and overall ‘etiquette’ for the operation of commercial air drones, which will help shape future regulation and legislation. It is the first in a series of emerging standards for air drones, with others due to address General Specifications, Product Manufacture and Maintenance, Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) and Testing Procedures. The Product Manufacture standards for UAS, which are due to be published next year, will combine with the operational standards already published to establish a full-airworthiness suite of standards for UAS.

Commenting on today’s announcement, Robert Garbett, Convenor of the ISO Working Group responsible for global air drone operational Standards, Chairman of the BSI Committee for UK Drone Standards and Founder of Drone Major Group, the world’s first global drone consultancy, said: “I am delighted that the operating Standards for air drones have now been approved and published. This success follows four years of collaboration involving ISO, BSI and other national standards bodies from all over the world, reinforced through expert input from a wide range of industry and public sector stakeholders. The Standards will deliver a new confidence among investors in the safety, security and compliance of commercial drone operations, which together with the Product Manufacture and Maintenance Standards, is expected in turn to facilitate a massive expansion in the availability and use of drone technology in the years to come.”

“Drones are a transformative global phenomenon, offering an unprecedented economic opportunity for those businesses and countries with the foresight to embrace this technology. My own conversations with Government, businesses and other stakeholders have shown that the new Standards will be enthusiastically welcomed and will empower organisations to discover how they can use drone technology to enhance their competitive position, adding value and creating growth and jobs.”

Air safety

A key attribute of the ISO Standards announced today is their focus on air safety, which is at the forefront of public attention in connection with airports and other sensitive locations. The new Standards promotes an ‘etiquette’ for drone use that reinforces compliance towards no-fly zones, local regulation, flight log protocols, maintenance, training and flight planning documentation. Social responsibility is also at the heart of the Standards, which strengthens the responsible use of a technology that aims to improve and not disrupt everyday life. The effectiveness of the Standards in improving air safety will be further strengthened by the continuing rapid development of geo-fencing and counter-drone technology, providing frontline protection against ‘rogue’ drone operators.

Privacy and data protection

The Standards also seek to address public concerns surrounding privacy and data protection, demanding that operators must have appropriate systems to handle data alongside communications and control planning when flying. The hardware and software of all related operating equipment must also be kept up to date. Significantly, the fail-safe of human intervention is required for all drone flights, including autonomous operations, ensuring that drone operators are held accountable.

The exciting future for drones

Air drones are already beginning to provide solutions to some of the most pressing economic, transport, security, environmental and productivity challenges faced by governments and industry throughout the world, reducing road traffic, easing congestion, saving lives through a reduction in accidents and reducing pollution in our cities. As well as speeding up the delivery of large-scale infrastructure projects, drones are expected to reduce the need for some expensive new major transport infrastructure altogether.

New exciting applications for air drones are being developed daily. Revolutionary approaches are emerging for freight and passenger transportation, with drones providing a cost-effective and environmentally responsible alternative to traditional methods, relieving the burden on our already stretched urban road networks. Further applications in the agricultural, maritime, construction and energy sectors among others, are already transforming businesses, with virtually all industries and business sectors set to benefit from the Standard-led adoption of rapidly evolving drone technology.

Impact on the economy

A number of recent reports have attempted to forecast the economic impact of air drones globally. For instance, in its report Drones Reporting for Work, Goldman Sachs has estimated that the size of the global drone industry will reach $100 billion by 2020. Most recently, analysts at Barclays estimate that the global commercial drone market will grow tenfold from $4bn in 2018 to $40bn in five years. They believe the use of drones will result in cost savings of some $100bn.

These predictions relate solely to air drones, demonstrating that the economic benefits offered by drone technology are vast, with growth set to accelerate across surface, underwater, air & space, as well as emerging hybrid drone applications.